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DBMS > CouchDB vs. MySQL vs. RethinkDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. MySQL vs. RethinkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Widely used open source RDBMSDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.62
Rank#38  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score1243.37
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score4.06
Rank#83  Overall
#14  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.mysql.comrethinkdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledev.mysql.com/­docrethinkdb.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017
Initial release200519952009
Current release3.1.1 , September 20208.0.23 , January 20212.4.1, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC and C++C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometry
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntax
TriggersyesyesClient-side triggers through changefeeds
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding inforange based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineAtomic single-document operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoMVCC based
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesyes infousers and table-level permissions

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