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DBMS > CouchDB vs. MySQL vs. RDF4J vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. MySQL vs. RDF4J vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Widely used open source RDBMSRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRDF storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.79
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score1219.77
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.66
Rank#214  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score55.28
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.mysql.comrdf4j.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledev.mysql.com/­docrdf4j.org/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.SAP
Initial release2005199520042010
Current release3.1.1, September 20208.0.27, October 20212.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageErlangC and C++Java
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes infoRDF Schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntaxyesSQLScript, R
Triggersyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricnoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesnoyes

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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"MySQLRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSAP HANA
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