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DBMS > CouchDB vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Widely used open source RDBMSNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.35
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score1252.06
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1.19
Rank#155  Overall
#76  Relational DBMS
Score1322.93
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.mysql.comnuodb.comwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledev.mysql.com/­docdoc.nuodb.comdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunNuoDB, Inc.Oracle
Initial release2005199520131980
Current release3.1.1 , September 20208.0.23 , January 202119c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial infolimited edition freecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC and C++C++C and C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnoyes
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntaxJava, SQLPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenhorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infotunable commit protocolACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoTemporary tableyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"MySQLNuoDBOracle
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