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DBMS > CouchDB vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Widely used open source RDBMSNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactions
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.92
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score1228.38
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1.12
Rank#164  Overall
#82  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.mysql.comnuodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledev.mysql.com/­docdoc.nuodb.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunNuoDB, Inc.
Initial release200519952013
Current release3.1.1, September 20208.0.25, May 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial infolimited edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC and C++C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntaxJava, SQL
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDB
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infotunable commit protocol
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Users

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"MySQLNuoDB
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Recent citations in the news

Couchbase IPO: The Company Looks For Database Riches
22 July 2021, Forbes

Apache CouchDB 3.0 NoSQL Database: A Major Milestone -- ADTmag
27 February 2020, ADT Magazine

How to Read and Write to a JSON File in Python
18 July 2021, MakeUseOf

SQL beats NoSQL, MySQL is the most popular-ADTmag
23 July 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

CouchDB 3.0 ends admin party era • DEVCLASS
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Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB
3 December 2020, ARC Viewpoints

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB, a Cloud-Native Distributed SQL Database Leader
25 November 2020, Business Wire

SQL Server Transformation Market Emerging Players May Yields New Opportunities 2021-2026 – The Manomet Current
20 July 2021, The Manomet Current

NuoDB 4.0 Expands Cloud-native and Cloud-agnostic Capabilities of Distributed SQL Database
29 July 2019, GlobeNewswire

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24 July 2021, Market Primes

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