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DBMS > CouchDB vs. MySQL vs. Newts

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. MySQL vs. Newts

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNewts  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Widely used open source RDBMSTime Series DBMS based on Cassandra
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APITime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score7.82
Rank#48  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score1039.46
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#378  Overall
#40  Time Series DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.mysql.comopennms.github.io/­newts
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledev.mysql.com/­docgithub.com/­OpenNMS/­newts/­wiki
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOpenNMS Group
Initial release200519952014
Current release3.3.3, December 20239.0.0, July 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Aiven for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL, deployable in the cloud of your choice, with seamless integrations and lightning-fast setup.
Implementation languageErlangC and C++Java
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
HTTP REST
Java API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntaxno
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding infobased on Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factor infobased on Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesno

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"MySQLNewts
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