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DBMS > CouchDB vs. MongoDB vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. MongoDB vs. YugabyteDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSearch engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.Document store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.25
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score446.48
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1.14
Rank#158  Overall
#77  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.mongodb.comwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMongoDB, IncYugabyte Inc.
Initial release200520092017
Current release3.0, February 20204.4.1, September 20202.2.0, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MongoDB Atlas: the global and fully-managed cloud database service from the makers of MongoDB. Deploy across AWS, Azure, or GCP.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageErlangC++C and C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.depending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIproprietary protocol using JSONYCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
Swift
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptJavaScriptyes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysHash and Range Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Based on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Strong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptionalyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users and rolesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"MongoDBYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsMongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Gain Developer Agility Leverage full power of PostgreSQL-compatible SQL and distributed...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
YugabyteDB is a distributed ACID-compliant database that brings together four must-have...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
YugabyteDB is a good fit for fast-growing, cloud native applications that need to...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics125 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day), over...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
YugabyteDB is a 100% open source project licensed under the permissive Apache 2.0...
» more

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"MongoDBYugabyteDB
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