DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > CouchDB vs. MongoDB vs. RavenDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. MongoDB vs. RavenDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.One of the most popular document storesOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document Database
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.68
Rank#33  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score409.93
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score4.49
Rank#66  Overall
#12  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.mongodb.comravendb.net
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.mongodb.com/­manualravendb.net/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMongoDB, IncHibernating Rhinos
Initial release200520092010
Current release2.3.1, March 20194.0.10, May 20194.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database in minutes.
Implementation languageErlangC++C#
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BISQL-like query language (RQL)
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIproprietary protocol using JSON.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go infoinofficial driver
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptJavaScriptyes
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replicationMulti-master replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linq
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID, Cluster-wide transaction available
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users and rolesAccess control on document level using the Authorization Bundle
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"MongoDBRavenDB
Specific characteristicsMongoDB is the next-generation database that helps businesses transform their industries...
» more
RavenDB is the pioneer NoSQL Document Database that is fully transactional (ACID)...
» more
Competitive advantagesBy offering the best of traditional databases as well as the flexibility, scale,...
» more
RavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (Bosch, Silver Spring Networks) Mobile (The Weather Channel, ADP,...
» more
IoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Barclays, BBVA, Bond, Bosch, Cisco, CERN, City...
» more
Toyota, Capgemini, Vodafone, Medicaid, Asos, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight,...
» more
Market metrics40 million downloads (growing at 30 thousand downloads per day). 6,600+ customers....
» more
2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Free Software Foundation's GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses...
» more
RavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Cloud is available on AWS...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

ScaleGrid: Deploy, monitor, backup and scale MongoDB in the cloud with the #1 Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS) platform.
» more

DBHawk: Powerful web-based MongoDB GUI. Connect securely to on-premise MongoDB or MongoDB on the Cloud, Atlas or mLab.
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Knowi: Build MongoDB Reports and Data Visualizations in Minutes with Native Integration
» more

Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"MongoDBRavenDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL moves up one rank at the expense of MongoDB
1 September 2016, Paul Andlinger

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Graph Databases Go Mainstream
18 July 2019, Forbes

How to create your first CouchDB database with Fauxton
8 May 2019, TechRepublic

How to install CouchDB on CentOS 7
30 April 2019, TechRepublic

NoSQL Databases Software Market Strong Growth Inannual Results | 2019-2025
18 July 2019, Daily Research Chronicle

NoSQL Databases Software Market to Witness Excessive Growth Opportunities by: MarkLogic, RethinkDB, CouchDB, SQL-RD, OrientDB.
27 June 2019, industryreports24.com

provided by Google News

MongoDB (MDB) Outpaces Stock Market Gains: What You Should Know
18 July 2019, Yahoo Finance

MongoDB Database Exposed 188 Million Records: Researchers
11 July 2019, BankInfoSecurity.com

MongoDB's Expanding Partner Network Helps Fuel Database Market Share Gains
30 June 2019, Forbes

MongoDB Management Talks Atlas and Realm
20 June 2019, The Motley Fool

MongoDB: The cloud keeps rolling but what about legacy modernization?
27 June 2019, ZDNet

provided by Google News

RavenDB Launches Managed Cloud Service
2 July 2019, Datanami

Review: NoSQL database RavenDB
20 March 2019, TechGenix

RavenDB Adds Pull Replication and Distributed Online Counters to Its Open Source NoSQL Document Database Offering
15 May 2019, PRNewswire

news digest: Google robots.text parser open sourced, Bonitasoft's cloud and low-code capabilities, and OWASP ZAP 2.8 - SD Times
2 July 2019, SDTimes.com

NoSQL Databases Software Market Strong Growth Inannual Results | 2019-2025
18 July 2019, Daily Research Chronicle

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Blockchain Architect
IBM, United States

Software Developer
IBM, New York, NY

Junior Developer Intern
Publishers Clearing House, Jericho, NY

Cyber Solution Engineer, Junior
Booz Allen Hamilton, Colorado Springs, CO

Electronic Health Record (EHR) Senior Consultant
Unisys, Blue Bell, PA

Blockchain Architect
IBM, United States

Development Database Administrator
EAB, Richmond, VA

Entry Level Data Scientist
RTI International, Durham, NC

NoSQL Database Administrator
Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Houston, TX

Database/System Administrator, Data Integration Team
University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX

Associate DevOps - Windows Servers
translations, New York, NY

Sitecore Developer
XCentium, United States

DevOps Windows Servers Evangelist
translations, New York, NY

DevOps CI CD WindowsEvangelist
translations, New York, NY

DevOps Windows Evangelist
translations, New York, NY

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

Start now with Redis Cloud
Secure, highly available Redis as a serverless, hosted, fully managed cloud service.
Sign up here.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here