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DBMS > CouchDB vs. MonetDB vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. MonetDB vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.A relational database management system that stores data in columnsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.53
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score1.91
Rank#125  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Score4.40
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.monetdb.orgorientdb.org
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablewww.monetdb.org/­Documentationwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMonetDB BVOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release200520042010
Current release3.2.0, October 2021Oct2020-SP2, January 20213.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangCJava
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes, in SQL, C, RJava, Javascript
TriggersyesyesHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding via remote tablesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"MonetDBOrientDB
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"MonetDBOrientDB
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