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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Sphinx

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Sphinx

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Microsofts relational DBMSOpen source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.39
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score1075.87
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score6.45
Rank#57  Overall
#6  Search engines
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serversphinxsearch.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationsphinxsearch.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMicrosoftSphinx Technologies Inc.
Initial release200519892001
Current release3.0, February 2020SQL Server 2019, November 20193.2.1, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes infofull-text index on all search fields
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Microsoft SQL ServerSphinx
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