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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. Riak TS vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. Riak TS vs. SAP HANA

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonRiak TS  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Microsofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used RDBMSRiak TS is a distributed NoSQL database optimized for time series data and based on Riak KVIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.47
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score970.85
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1271.55
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.26
Rank#276  Overall
#21  Time Series DBMS
Score56.24
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­databaseriak.com/­products/­riak-tswww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasehelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMicrosoftOracleBasho TechnologiesSAP
Initial release20051989198020152010
Current release3.1.1, September 2020SQL Server 2019, November 201919c, February 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Sourcecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC++C and C++Erlang
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
OS X
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesnono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleJavaScript and ErlangSQLScript, R
Triggersyesyesyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding, horizontal partitioningShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesno infolinks between datasets can be storedyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizednoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoyes

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