DB-EnginesExtremeDB: database for embedded systemsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > CouchDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Microsofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.92
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score981.95
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1262.66
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMicrosoftOracle
Initial release200519891980
Current release3.1.1, September 2020SQL Server 2019, November 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC++C and C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more
Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Microsoft SQL ServerOracle
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Couchbase IPO: The Company Looks For Database Riches
22 July 2021, Forbes

Apache CouchDB 3.0 NoSQL Database: A Major Milestone -- ADTmag
27 February 2020, ADT Magazine

How to Read and Write to a JSON File in Python
18 July 2021, MakeUseOf

SQL beats NoSQL, MySQL is the most popular-ADTmag
23 July 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

CouchDB 3.0 ends admin party era • DEVCLASS
27 February 2020, DevClass

provided by Google News

DH2i Extends SQL Server Platform to Containers
20 July 2021, Container Journal

Microsoft cancels plans to deliver SQL Server on Windows Containers
6 July 2021, ZDNet

SQL Server on Windows Containers support is on an indefinite freeze
7 July 2021, Windows Central

Microsoft extends security updates for Windows and SQL Server 2012 and 2008
15 July 2021, The Register

Get this Complete 2021 SQL Master Class Bundle for only $19.99
25 July 2021, Neowin

provided by Google News

14 Year Old Database Startup Raises $325M To Challenge Oracle
3 July 2021, Forbes

How Amazon broke free from Oracle
20 July 2021, The Register

Salient Features of Oracle Database – CIOReview
29 June 2021, CIOReview

SQLite Extraction of Oracle Tables Tools, Methods and Pitfalls
20 July 2021, Linux Journal

Oracle Products & Services Data Portfolio Review 2021
17 July 2021, Datamation

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Full Stack Developer
Dimagi, United States

Analyst - Software Engineer / Data Engineer / Data Scientist - Campus Students
McKinsey & Company, Atlanta, GA

PHP Developer
Mindfire Technology, Layton, UT

Junior Software Developer
HumanIT Solutions, Beavercreek, OH

Software Developer
SMRT Systems, Chapel Hill, NC

SQL Server DBA/Developer
QSROnline, Corpus Christi, TX

SQL Server Database Administrator - Information Management
Costco Wholesale, Seattle, WA

SQL Server DBA
Pursuit Software Inc., Fort Lauderdale, FL

SQL Server DBA
Quality Software Systems, Inc, Remote

SQL Server Developer
Magic Touch Software, San Marcos, CA

Oracle Database Administrator and SharePoint Developer (U.S Citizenship)
Extreme Data Technologies, Remote

Oracle Database Administrators
DBMS Resources, Downers Grove, IL

Oracle Database Administrator
UBS, Nashville, TN

Junior Oracle Database Developer
World Travel Holdings Inc, Fort Lauderdale, FL

Senior Oracle Database Administrator
Navisite, Warrendale, PA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here