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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. OpenEdge

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. OpenEdge

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOpenEdge  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Microsofts relational DBMSApplication development environment with integrated database management system
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.68
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score1059.72
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score4.60
Rank#74  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.progress.com/­openedge
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationdocumentation.progress.com/­output/­ua/­OpenEdge_latest
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMicrosoftProgress Software Corporation
Initial release200519891984
Current release3.0, February 2020SQL Server 2019, November 2019OpenEdge 11.7, March 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infoclose to SQL 92
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Progress proprietary ABL (Advanced Business Language)
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning infosince Version 11.4
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers and groups

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Microsoft SQL ServerOpenEdge
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Recent citations in the news

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9 June 2020, KnowTechie

Apache CouchDB 3.0 NoSQL Database: A Major Milestone -- ADTmag
27 February 2020, ADT Magazine

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27 February 2020, InfoWorld

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