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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. PouchDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. PouchDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.A Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsWidely used in-process key-value storeJavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDB
Primary database modelDocument storeWide column storeKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.25
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score5.77
Rank#66  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score3.56
Rank#87  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Score3.20
Rank#96  Overall
#17  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tableswww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlpouchdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmlpouchdb.com/­guides
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMicrosoftOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleApache Software Foundation
Initial release2005201219942012
Current release3.0, February 202018.1 (Core), June 20187.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)JavaScript
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedAIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesnono
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsnoyesyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIRESTful HTTP APIHTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptnonoView functions in JavaScript
Triggersyesnoyes infoonly for the SQL APIyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Source-replica replicationMulti-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleoptimistic lockingACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backend
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesnono

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Microsoft Azure Table StorageOracle Berkeley DBPouchDB
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