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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. TigerGraph vs. ToroDB vs. VoltDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. TigerGraph vs. ToroDB vs. VoltDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparisonVoltDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-timeA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQLDistributed In-Memory NewSQL RDBMS infoUsed for OLTP applications with a high frequency of relatively simple transactions, that can hold all their data in memory
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.02
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score22.46
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score2.18
Rank#122  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#342  Overall
#45  Document stores
Score1.57
Rank#142  Overall
#69  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.tigergraph.comwww.torodb.comwww.voltdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.tigergraph.comwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docsdocs.voltdb.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMicrosoft8KdataVoltDB Inc.
Initial release20052016201720162010
Current release3.2.2, April 202211.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3Open Source infoAGPL for Community Edition, commercial license for Enterprise, AWS, and Pro Editions
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++C++JavaJava, C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinuxAll OS with a Java 7 VMLinux
OS X infofor development
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_idyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesSQL-like query language (GSQL)yes infoonly a subset of SQL 99
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C#
Java
PHP
C++
Java
C#
C++
Erlang infonot officially supported
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptTransact SQLyesJava
Triggersyesnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding, horizontal partitioningShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes infoRelationships in graphsnono infoFOREIGN KEY constraints are not supported
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACIDnoACID infoTransactions are executed single-threaded within stored procedures
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoSnapshots and command logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyesRole-based access controlAccess rights for users and rolesUsers and roles with access to stored procedures
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseTigerGraphToroDBVoltDB
Specific characteristicsTigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesTigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersFour out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTry TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more

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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseTigerGraphToroDBVoltDB
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