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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. MySQL vs. Transbase

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. MySQL vs. Transbase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonTransbase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Database as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerWidely used open source RDBMSA resource-optimized, high-performance, universally applicable RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.64
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score86.32
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score1206.05
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#310  Overall
#139  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.mysql.comwww.transaction.de/­en/­solutions/­transbase-resource-optimized-high-performance-database
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldev.mysql.com/­docwww.transaction.de/­en/­transbase-inside
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunTransaction Software GmbH
Initial release2005201019951987
Current release3.2.0, October 2021V128.0.27, October 2021Transbase 8.4, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial infofree development license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageErlangC++C and C++C and C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptTransact SQLyes infoproprietary syntaxyes
Triggersyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, with always 3 replicas availableMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureMySQLTransbase
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