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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. PouchDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. PouchDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Database as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsJavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDB
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSWide column storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.25
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score60.45
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score5.77
Rank#66  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score3.20
Rank#96  Overall
#17  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databaseazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tablespouchdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqlpouchdb.com/­guides
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMicrosoftMicrosoftApache Software Foundation
Initial release2005201020122012
Current release3.0, February 2020V127.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercialOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC++JavaScript
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedhostedserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesnoyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesnono
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIHTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptTransact SQLnoView functions in JavaScript
Triggersyesyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, with always 3 replicas availableyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Multi-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDoptimistic lockingno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backend
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesno

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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureMicrosoft Azure Table StoragePouchDB
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