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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. RavenDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. RavenDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document Database
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.11
Rank#33  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score27.59
Rank#26  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#4  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score4.74
Rank#65  Overall
#11  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbravendb.net
Technical documentationwiki.apache.org/­couchdbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbravendb.net/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMicrosoftHibernating Rhinos
Initial release200520142010
Current release2.3.1, March 20194.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC#
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyes infoJSON typesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language (RQL)
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptJavaScriptyes
TriggersyesJavaScriptyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-master replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linq
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID, Cluster-wide transaction available
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess control on document level using the Authorization Bundle
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBRavenDB
Specific characteristicsAzure Cosmos DB is Microsoft™s globally-distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model...
» more
Mentioned in both Gartner and Forrester research, RavenDB is a pioneer in the newest...
» more
Competitive advantagesGlobal distribution Easily build globally-distributed applications without the hassle...
» more
RavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
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Typical application scenariosAzure Cosmos DB enables writing globally distributed applications and allows you...
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IoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
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Key customersJet.com, Asos, Real Madrid, Orange Tribes, MSN, Telenor, NextGames, Schneider Electric,...
» more
Toyota, Vodafone, Medicaid, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight, JetBrains
» more
Market metricsGartner Research positions Microsoft as the leader in the Magic Quadrant Operational...
» more
2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsWith Azure Cosmos DB, pay only for the storage you use and the throughput you provision...
» more
RavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Community : You can take...
» more

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBRavenDB
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