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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP IQ

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP IQ

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSColumnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analytics
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn-oriented
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.02
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score41.38
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score944.96
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score4.55
Rank#83  Overall
#43  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.html
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­iq
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMicrosoftMicrosoftSAP, formerly Sybase
Initial release2005201419891994
Current release3.2.2, April 2022SQL Server 2019, November 201916.1 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptJavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes
TriggersyesJavaScriptyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexer
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSAP/Sybase Replication Server
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*noHadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ
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