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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. MySQL vs. Transbase

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. MySQL vs. Transbase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonTransbase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Widely used open source RDBMSA resource-optimized, high-performance, universally applicable RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.79
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score116.38
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score1219.77
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.22
Rank#285  Overall
#132  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accesswww.mysql.comwww.transaction.de/­en/­solutions/­transbase-resource-optimized-high-performance-database
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accessdev.mysql.com/­docwww.transaction.de/­en/­transbase-inside
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunTransaction Software GmbH
Initial release2005199219951987
Current release3.1.1, September 20201902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20198.0.26, July 2021Transbase 8.4, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial infofree development license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++C and C++C and C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes infoproprietary syntaxyes
Triggersyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0nonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Users with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Microsoft AccessMySQLTransbase
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