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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.12
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score114.94
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score36.47
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accessazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accessdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release200519922014
Current release3.1.1, September 20201902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLshosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScript
Triggersyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0noneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID infobut no files for transaction loggingMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Microsoft AccessMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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