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DBMS > CouchDB vs. MariaDB vs. TigerGraph vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. MariaDB vs. TigerGraph vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.MySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.A complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-timeA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.56
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score110.16
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score2.14
Rank#125  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#344  Overall
#45  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.tigergraph.comwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablemariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.tigergraph.comwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
8Kdata
Initial release20052009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 199520172016
Current release3.2.2, April 202210.9.3, September 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageErlangC and C++C++Java
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
LinuxAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes
Triggersyesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0several options for horizontal partitioning and ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infowith MEMORY storage engineno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access controlAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"MariaDBTigerGraphToroDB
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Four out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
ANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTry TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"MariaDBTigerGraphToroDB
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