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DBMS > CouchDB vs. MariaDB vs. RethinkDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. MariaDB vs. RethinkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.MySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.DBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.39
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score90.92
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score4.02
Rank#81  Overall
#14  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
rethinkdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablemariadb.com/­kb/­en/­libraryrethinkdb.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
The Linux Foundation infosince July 2017
Initial release200520092009
Current release3.0, February 202010.4.12, January 20202.4.0, December 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageErlangC and C++C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometry
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3
TriggersyesyesClient-side triggers through changefeeds
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Horizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keySharding inforange based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineAtomic single-document operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes infoMVCC based
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infowith MEMORY storage engineno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infousers and table-level permissions
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"MariaDBRethinkDB
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
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Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"MariaDBRethinkDB
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