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DBMS > CouchDB vs. LevelDB vs. Neo4j vs. RDF4J vs. Sequoiadb

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. LevelDB vs. Neo4j vs. RDF4J vs. Sequoiadb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSequoiadb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Embeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesOpen source graph databaseRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.NewSQL database with distributed OLTP and SQL
Primary database modelDocument storeKey-value storeGraph DBMSRDF storeDocument store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.39
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score3.13
Rank#95  Overall
#18  Key-value stores
Score50.18
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.50
Rank#220  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score0.31
Rank#254  Overall
#34  Document stores
#116  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orggithub.com/­google/­leveldbneo4j.comrdf4j.orgwww.sequoiadb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablegithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdneo4j.com/­docsrdf4j.org/­documentationwww.sequoiadb.com/­en/­index.php?m=Files&a=index
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogleNeo4j, Inc.Since 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Sequoiadb Ltd.
Initial release20052011200720042013
Current release3.0, February 20201.22, May 20194.1.1, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoBSDOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.Open Source infoServer: AGPL; Client: Apache V2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC++Java, ScalaJavaC++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Illumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoRDF Schemasschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenonoyesyesyes infooid, date, timestamp, binary, regex
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsnoyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonononoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsyesJavaScript
Triggersyesnoyes infovia event handleryesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0nonenonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlynoneSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenoACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedDocument is locked during a transaction
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasenoUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)nosimple password-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"LevelDBNeo4jRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSequoiadb
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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