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DBMS > CouchDB vs. LevelDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. LevelDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. RDF4J

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NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Embeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)RDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelDocument storeKey-value storeRelational DBMSRDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.25
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score3.38
Rank#91  Overall
#18  Key-value stores
Score118.45
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score0.55
Rank#219  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orggithub.com/­google/­leveldbwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accessrdf4j.org
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablegithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mddeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accessrdf4j.org/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogleMicrosoftSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release2005201119922004
Current release3.0, February 20201.22, May 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoBSDcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++C++Java
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Illumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenonoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes
Triggersyesnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0nonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
nonenonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenoACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasenono infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003no

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"LevelDBMicrosoft AccessRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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