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DBMS > CouchDB vs. LeanXcale vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. LeanXcale vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Access vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Full ACID, highly scalable DBMS for OLTP and OLAP applications with transactions on distributed dataMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)A Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasets
Primary database modelDocument storeKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSWide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.92
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score0.22
Rank#261  Overall
#44  Key-value stores
#119  Relational DBMS
Score90.09
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score119.90
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score4.68
Rank#62  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.leanxcale.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
products.office.com/­en-us/­accessazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tables
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablemariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarymsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspx
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerLeanXcaleMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
MicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release20052015200919922012
Current release3.0, February 202010.4.12, January 20201902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageErlangC and C++C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLshosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infothrough Apache Derbyyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
proprietary key/value interface
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno
Triggersyesyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Horizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keynoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
noneyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infobut no files for transaction loggingoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infowith MEMORY storage engineno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights based on private key authentication or shared access signatures
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"LeanXcaleMariaDBMicrosoft AccessMicrosoft Azure Table Storage
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"LeanXcaleMariaDBMicrosoft AccessMicrosoft Azure Table Storage
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