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DBMS > CouchDB vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Newts

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Newts

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonInterSystems IRIS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonNewts  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.A containerised multi-model DBMS, interoperability and analytics data platform with wide capabilities for vertical and horizontal scalabilityMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSTime Series DBMS based on Cassandra
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument store
Key-value store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.97
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score2.25
Rank#119  Overall
#22  Document stores
#23  Key-value stores
#2  Object oriented DBMS
#59  Relational DBMS
Score941.20
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#354  Overall
#33  Time Series DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.intersystems.com/­products/­intersystems-iriswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serveropennms.github.io/­newts
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.intersystems.com/­irislatest/­csp/­docbook/­DocBook.UI.Page.clsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-servergithub.com/­OpenNMS/­newts/­wiki
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerInterSystemsMicrosoftOpenNMS Group
Initial release2005201819892014
Current release3.2.2, April 20222021.1, June 2021SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC++Java
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
Linux
macOS
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freedepending on used data modelyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyesno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
HTTP REST
Java API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Shardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding infobased on Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionselectable replication factor infobased on Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"InterSystems IRISMicrosoft SQL ServerNewts
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