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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Ingres vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Ingres vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonIngres  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Well established RDBMSElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.52
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score5.96
Rank#70  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score22.25
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmsazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.actian.com/­ingresdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerActian CorporationMicrosoft
Initial release20051974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s2016
Current release3.2.2, April 202211.0, April 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangCC++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON API.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyesTransact SQL
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0horizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslySharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Ingres Replicatoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"IngresMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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