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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Informix vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. SAP Adaptive Server vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Informix vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. SAP Adaptive Server vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonInformix  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.A secure embeddable database from IBM, positioned besides IBM Db2 as a relatively low-cost product optimized for OLTP and Internet of Things dataElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerThe SAP (Sybase) Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) is an enterprise-class RDBMSLow-cost RDBMS with access to ISAM and FoxPro data structures
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypes compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS infowith Informix TimeSeries Extension
Spatial DBMS infowith Boeing's Spatial Query Server
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.97
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score23.37
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score20.66
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score47.78
Rank#25  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score3.68
Rank#91  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.ibm.com/­products/­informixazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-ase.htmlwww.sap.com/­products/­advantage-database-server.html
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stableinformix.hcldoc.com
www.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSGU8G/­welcomeIfxServers.html
docs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticshelp.sap.com/­viewer/­product/­SAP_ASE
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerIBM, HCL Technologies infoEffective May 1st, 2017, HCL took on development, technical support, and product management teams, and works jointly with IBM on product strategy, marketing, and sales.MicrosoftSAP, SybaseSybase, SAP
Initial release20051984201619871993
Current release3.2.2, April 202214.10.FC5, November 202016.0
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial infofree developer edition availablecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC, C++ and JavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyes infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
JSON API infoMongoDB compatible
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
.NET Client API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
PHP
C
C++
Cobol
Java
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Delphi
Perl
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyesTransact SQLJava and Transact-SQLyes
Triggersyesyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0ShardingSharding, horizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoCONFLICT Trigger to resolve replication conflicts
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno infocaching of (temporary) tables can be configured
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseUsers with fine-grained authentication, authorization, and auditing controlsyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"InformixMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASESAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS
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