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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Impala vs. SAP HANA vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Impala vs. SAP HANA vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Analytic DBMS for HadoopIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.97
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score18.03
Rank#40  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Score55.09
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score22.86
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlhelp.sap.com/­hanaspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerClouderaSAPApache Software Foundation
Initial release2005201320102014
Current release3.2.2, April 20224.0.0, July 20212.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 20203.2.0, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++Scala
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxAppliance or cloud-serviceLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCJava
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceSQLScript, Rno
Triggersyesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Shardingyesyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factoryesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosyesno

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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"ImpalaSAP HANASpark SQL
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