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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Impala vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Impala vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Analytic DBMS for HadoopIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.92
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score19.56
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score53.81
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerClouderaSAP
Initial release200520132010
Current release3.1.1, September 20203.4.0, April 20202.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxAppliance or cloud-service
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceSQLScript, R
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Shardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosyes

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"ImpalaSAP HANA
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