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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Impala vs. Oracle vs. Tibero vs. XAP

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Impala vs. Oracle vs. Tibero vs. XAP

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonTibero  Xexclude from comparisonXAP  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Analytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used RDBMSA secure RDBMS, designed for easy portability from OracleHigh performant in-memory data grid for mission critical applications. Insight Edge from the same company extends XAP for AI/ML support, BI and other interfaces
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store infoValues are user defined objects
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Object oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.92
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score14.18
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score1345.44
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score1.55
Rank#123  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Score0.79
Rank#166  Overall
#25  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.tmaxsoft.com/­products/­tiberowww.gigaspaces.com/­products/­xap
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablewww.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasetechnet.tmaxsoft.com/­upload/­download/­online/­tibero/­pver-20150504-000002/­index.htmldocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerClouderaOracleTmaxSoftGigaspaces Technologies
Initial release20052013198020032000
Current release3.0, February 20203.3.0, August 201919c, February 20196, April 201514.5.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++C and C++C and AssemblerJava, C++, .Net
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyesno infoXML can be used for describing objects metadata
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesSQL-like query language and DML statements
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Tibero CLI
GigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Java
Objective-C
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducePL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possiblePersistent Stored Procedure (PSM)yes
Triggersyesnoyesyesyes infoEvent Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Shardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioninghorizontal partitioning infoby range, hash, list or compositeSharding infoHash based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
selectable replication factorMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Master-slave replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno infocan be realized in PL/SQLnoyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executors
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANY
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenoACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no infoplanned for next versionyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard (SQL 92, SQL 99)Role-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"ImpalaOracleTiberoXAP
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
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