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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Impala vs. MySQL vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Impala vs. MySQL vs. Titan

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Analytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used open source RDBMSTitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.12
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score18.38
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score1227.86
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.mysql.comtitan.thinkaurelius.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldev.mysql.com/­docgithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerClouderaOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunAurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release2005201319952012
Current release3.1.1, September 20203.4.0, April 20208.0.25, May 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++C and C++Java
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoproprietary syntaxyes
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Shardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricyes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReducenoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server

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