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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Impala vs. MySQL vs. Teradata

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Impala vs. MySQL vs. Teradata

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Analytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used open source RDBMSA hybrid cloud data analytics software platform (Teradata Vantage)
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.12
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score18.38
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score1227.86
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score69.34
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.mysql.comwww.teradata.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldev.mysql.com/­docdocs.teradata.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerClouderaOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunTeradata
Initial release2005201319951984
Current release3.1.1, September 20203.4.0, April 20208.0.25, May 2021Teradata Vantage 1.0 MU2, January 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++C and C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyes
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes infoJoin-index to prejoin tables, aggregate index, sparse index, hash index
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL 2016 + extensions
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
.NET Client API
HTTP REST
JDBC
JMS Adapter
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C++
Cobol
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
Perl
PL/1
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoproprietary syntaxyes infoUDFs, stored procedures, table functions in parallel
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Shardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding infoHashing
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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