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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. MySQL vs. Splunk

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. MySQL vs. Splunk

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSplunk  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Analytic DBMS for HadoopElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerWidely used open source RDBMSAnalytics Platform for Big Data
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APISearch engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.47
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score18.65
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score16.66
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score1212.52
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score91.61
Rank#13  Overall
#2  Search engines
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.mysql.comwww.splunk.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.splunk.com/­Documentation/­Splunk
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerClouderaMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunSplunk Inc.
Initial release20052013201619952003
Current release3.1.1, September 20203.4.0, April 20208.0.26, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial infoLimited free edition and free developer edition available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++C++C and C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxhostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesyes
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsno infoSplunk Search Processing Language for search commands
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
HTTP REST
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
Java
PHP
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C#
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQLyes infoproprietary syntaxyes
Triggersyesnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0ShardingSharding, horizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factoryesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReducenonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenoACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineno infoA 'Transaction' in Splunk has a different meaning: grouping related events into a single one for later searching
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosyesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesAccess rights for users and roles

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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"ImpalaMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMySQLSplunk
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