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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Impala vs. Memcached vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Impala vs. Memcached vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMemcached  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Analytic DBMS for HadoopIn-memory key-value store, originally intended for cachingIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.79
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score18.68
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score26.02
Rank#31  Overall
#4  Key-value stores
Score55.28
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.memcached.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlgithub.com/­memcached/­memcached/­wikihelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerClouderaDanga Interactive infooriginally developed by Brad Fitzpatrick for LiveJournalSAP
Initial release2005201320032010
Current release3.1.1, September 20203.4.0, April 20201.6.9, November 20202.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoBSD licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC++C
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnoyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocolJDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
ColdFusion
Erlang
Java
Lisp
Lua
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducenoSQLScript, R
Triggersyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Shardingnoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factornone infoRepcached, a Memcached patch, provides this functionallityyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesnoyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosyes infousing SASL (Simple Authentication and Security Layer) protocolyes

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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"ImpalaMemcachedSAP HANA
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