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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Impala vs. MaxDB vs. MySQL vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Impala vs. MaxDB vs. MySQL vs. Spark SQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Analytic DBMS for HadoopA robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutionsWidely used open source RDBMSSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.47
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score18.65
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score4.72
Rank#76  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Score1212.52
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score21.87
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlmaxdb.sap.comwww.mysql.comspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlmaxdb.sap.com/­documentationdev.mysql.com/­docspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerClouderaSAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunApache Software Foundation
Initial release20052013198419952014
Current release3.1.1, September 20203.4.0, April 20207.9.10 (January 2020), 20208.0.26, July 20213.1.1, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2commercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++C++C and C++Scala
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyesyes infoproprietary syntaxno
Triggersyesnoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Shardingnonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenoACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesno

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