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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Impala vs. MariaDB vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Impala vs. MariaDB vs. MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Analytic DBMS for HadoopMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Widely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.12
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score18.38
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score96.79
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score1227.86
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.mysql.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerClouderaMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release2005201320091995
Current release3.1.1, September 20203.4.0, April 202010.5.10, May 20218.0.25, May 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageErlangC++C and C++C and C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyes
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAda
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Shardingseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Shardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"ImpalaMariaDBMySQL
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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