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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Ignite vs. Impala vs. MySQL vs. Teradata Aster

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Ignite vs. Impala vs. MySQL vs. Teradata Aster

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonIgnite  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata Aster  Xexclude from comparison
Teradata Aster has been integrated into other Teradata systems and therefore will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Apache Ignite is a memory-centric distributed database, caching, and processing platform for transactional, analytical, and streaming workloads, delivering in-memory speeds at petabyte scale.Analytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used open source RDBMSPlatform for big data analytics on multistructured data sources and types
Primary database modelDocument storeKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.47
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score4.85
Rank#74  Overall
#10  Key-value stores
#41  Relational DBMS
Score18.65
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score1212.52
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgignite.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.mysql.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stableapacheignite.readme.io/­docsdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerApache Software FoundationClouderaOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunTeradata
Initial release20052015201319952005
Current release3.1.1, September 2020Apache Ignite 2.63.4.0, April 20208.0.26, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++, Java, .NetC++C and C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free) infodefined schema within the relational store; partial schema or schema free in the Aster File Store
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnoyesyes infoin Aster File Store
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIHDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Java
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoproprietary syntaxR packages
Triggersyesyes (cache interceptors and events)noyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0ShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes (replicated cache)selectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoDimension tables are replicated across all nodes in the cluster. The number of replicas for the file store can be configured.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)yes infoquery execution via MapReducenoyes infoSQL Map-Reduce Framework
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDnoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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