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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Ignite vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Ignite vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. MySQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonIgnite  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Apache Ignite is a memory-centric distributed database, caching, and processing platform for transactional, analytical, and streaming workloads, delivering in-memory speeds at petabyte scale.Analytic DBMS for HadoopElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.47
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score4.85
Rank#74  Overall
#10  Key-value stores
#41  Relational DBMS
Score18.65
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score16.66
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score1212.52
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgignite.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.mysql.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stableapacheignite.readme.io/­docsdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerApache Software FoundationClouderaMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release20052015201320161995
Current release3.1.1, September 2020Apache Ignite 2.63.4.0, April 20208.0.26, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++, Java, .NetC++C++C and C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxhostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnonoyes
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIHDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
Java
PHP
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQLyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersyesyes (cache interceptors and events)nonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0ShardingShardingSharding, horizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes (replicated cache)selectable replication factoryesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)yes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDnoACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosyesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

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