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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Ignite vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Ignite vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonIgnite  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Apache Ignite is a memory-centric distributed database, caching, and processing platform for transactional, analytical, and streaming workloads, delivering in-memory speeds at petabyte scale.Analytic DBMS for HadoopElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelDocument storeKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.79
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score5.41
Rank#69  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
#38  Relational DBMS
Score18.68
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score17.27
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgignite.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stableapacheignite.readme.io/­docsdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerApache Software FoundationClouderaMicrosoft
Initial release2005201520132016
Current release3.1.1, September 2020Apache Ignite 2.63.4.0, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++, Java, .NetC++C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linuxhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIHDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQL
Triggersyesyes (cache interceptors and events)nono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0ShardingShardingSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes (replicated cache)selectable replication factoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)yes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosyes

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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"IgniteImpalaMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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