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DBMS > CouchDB vs. IBM Db2 vs. Informix vs. Memcached

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. IBM Db2 vs. Informix vs. Memcached

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonInformix  Xexclude from comparisonMemcached  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Common in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxA secure embeddable database from IBM, positioned besides DB2 as a relatively low-cost product optimized for OLTP and Internet of Things dataIn-memory key-value store, originally intended for caching
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMS infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypes compatible with MongoDBKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin DB2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Document store
Time Series DBMS infowith Informix TimeSeries Extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.12
Rank#34  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score171.35
Rank#6  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score25.51
Rank#26  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Score24.46
Rank#28  Overall
#4  Key-value stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2www.ibm.com/­products/­informixwww.memcached.org
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablewww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGinformix.hcldoc.com
www.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSGU8G/­welcomeIfxServers.html
github.com/­memcached/­memcached/­wiki
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerIBMIBM, HCL Technologies infoEffective May 1st, 2017, HCL took on development, technical support, and product management teams, and works jointly with IBM on product strategy, marketing, and sales.Danga Interactive infooriginally developed by Brad Fitzpatrick for LiveJournal
Initial release20051983 infohost version19842003
Current release2.3.1, March 201912.1, October 201614.10, March 20191.5.12, November 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial infofree version is availablecommercial infofree developer edition availableOpen Source infoBSD license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC and C++C, C++ and JavaC
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyesno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
JDBC
JSON API infoMongoDB compatible
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
ColdFusion
Erlang
Java
Lisp
Lua
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyesyesno
Triggersyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux VersionShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
none infoRepcached, a Memcached patch, provides this functionallity
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesno
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authentication, authorization, and auditing controlsyes infousing SASL (Simple Authentication and Security Layer) protocol

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"IBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2InformixMemcached
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