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DBMS > CouchDB vs. IBM Cloudant vs. Impala vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. IBM Cloudant vs. Impala vs. MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Cloudant  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Database as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBAnalytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.12
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score3.36
Rank#91  Overall
#17  Document stores
Score18.38
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score1227.86
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.ibm.com/­cloud/­cloudantwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.mysql.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablecloud.ibm.com/­docs/­Cloudantdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014ClouderaOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release2005201020131995
Current release3.1.1, September 20203.4.0, April 20208.0.25, May 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangErlangC++C and C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinuxFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenonoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersyesyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0ShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleno infoatomic operations within a document possiblenoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes infoOptimistic lockingyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

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