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DBMS > CouchDB vs. HyperSQL vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. HyperSQL vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Multithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBWidely used open source RDBMSNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactions
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.79
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score4.60
Rank#76  Overall
#43  Relational DBMS
Score1219.77
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1.07
Rank#168  Overall
#83  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orghsqldb.orgwww.mysql.comnuodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablehsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmldev.mysql.com/­docdoc.nuodb.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunNuoDB, Inc.
Initial release2005200119952013
Current release3.1.1, September 20202.6.0, March 20218.0.26, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infobased on BSD licenseOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial infolimited edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaC and C++C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIHTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptJava, SQLyes infoproprietary syntaxJava, SQL
Triggersyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0nonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDB
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infotunable commit protocol
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Users

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