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DBMS > CouchDB vs. HyperSQL vs. Impala vs. XTDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. HyperSQL vs. Impala vs. XTDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonXTDB infoformerly named Crux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Multithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBAnalytic DBMS for HadoopA general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.97
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score5.35
Rank#76  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score18.03
Rank#40  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#354  Overall
#50  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orghsqldb.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlgithub.com/­xtdb/­xtdb
xtdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablehsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmldocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlxtdb.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerClouderaJuxt Ltd.
Initial release2005200120132019
Current release3.2.2, April 20222.6.1, October 20214.0.0, July 20211.19, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infobased on BSD licenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaC++Clojure
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesLinuxAll OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes, extensible-data-notation format
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementslimited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIHTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP REST
JDBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCClojure
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptJava, SQLyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceno
Triggersyesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0noneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneselectable replication factoryes, each node contains all data
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberos

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBImpalaXTDB infoformerly named Crux
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