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DBMS > CouchDB vs. HyperSQL vs. Impala vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. HyperSQL vs. Impala vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Multithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBAnalytic DBMS for HadoopIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.79
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score4.60
Rank#76  Overall
#43  Relational DBMS
Score18.68
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score55.28
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orghsqldb.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablehsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmldocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerClouderaSAP
Initial release2005200120132010
Current release3.1.1, September 20202.6.0, March 20213.4.0, April 20202.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infobased on BSD licenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangJavaC++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesLinuxAppliance or cloud-service
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIHTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptJava, SQLyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceSQLScript, R
Triggersyesyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0noneShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneselectable replication factoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosyes

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBImpalaSAP HANA
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