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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Hive vs. Impala vs. LeanXcale

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Hive vs. Impala vs. LeanXcale

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopAnalytic DBMS for HadoopA highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilities
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.79
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score84.74
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score18.68
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score0.24
Rank#280  Overall
#41  Key-value stores
#129  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orghive.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.leanxcale.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablecwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookClouderaLeanXcale
Initial release2005201220132015
Current release3.1.1, September 20203.1.2, August 20193.4.0, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangJavaC++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infothrough Apache Derby
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C++
Java
PHP
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
Java
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduce
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberos
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"HiveImpalaLeanXcale
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"HiveImpalaLeanXcale
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