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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Hive vs. IBM Cloudant

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Hive vs. IBM Cloudant

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Cloudant  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDB
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.79
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score84.74
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score3.71
Rank#89  Overall
#15  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orghive.apache.orgwww.ibm.com/­cloud/­cloudant
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablecwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homecloud.ibm.com/­docs/­Cloudant
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014
Initial release200520122010
Current release3.1.1, September 20203.1.2, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaErlang
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C++
Java
PHP
Python
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScript
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenono infoatomic operations within a document possible
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes infoOptimistic locking
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights for users can be defined per database

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"HiveIBM Cloudant
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