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DBMS > CouchDB vs. HBase vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. HBase vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Wide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableAnalytic DBMS for HadoopElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelDocument storeWide column storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.79
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score45.20
Rank#24  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score18.68
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score17.27
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orghbase.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablehbase.apache.orgdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetClouderaMicrosoft
Initial release2005200820132016
Current release3.1.1, September 20202.3.4, January 20213.4.0, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Cloudera Operational Database: Cloud-native autonomous Apache HBase for unparalleled scale, performance and reliability. Automate and simplify database management with capabilities like auto-scale, auto-heal, and auto-tune.
Implementation languageErlangJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linuxhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possibleyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenooptions to bring your own types, AVROyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infoCoprocessors in Javayes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQL
Triggersyesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0ShardingShardingSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)noACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosyes
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"HBaseImpalaMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Specific characteristicsApache HBase is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well suited...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures very high availability with multiple customers...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Salesforce, Cerner, Allegis Group, Bloomberg, Airtel, Thomson Reuters, Dish,...
» more
Market metrics#1 largest NoSQL database by revenue
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license P ricing for commercial distribution provided by Cloudera and available...
» more

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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"HBaseImpalaMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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