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DBMS > CouchDB vs. HBase

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. HBase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Wide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTable
Primary database modelDocument storeWide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score11.73
Rank#45  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score31.60
Rank#26  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orghbase.apache.org
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablehbase.apache.org/­book.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Powerset
Initial release20052008
Current release3.3.3, December 20232.3.4, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJava
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possible
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenooptions to bring your own types, AVRO
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnono
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infoCoprocessors in Java
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"HBase
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