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DBMS > CouchDB vs. H2 vs. Machbase vs. MarkLogic vs. PouchDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. H2 vs. Machbase vs. MarkLogic vs. PouchDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonMachbase infoFormer name was Infiniflux  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.TimeSeries DBMS for IoT and BigDataOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseJavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDB
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.13
Rank#34  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score7.13
Rank#50  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score0.06
Rank#308  Overall
#27  Time Series DBMS
Score12.25
Rank#39  Overall
#7  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Score2.96
Rank#88  Overall
#16  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.h2database.comwww.machbase.comwww.marklogic.compouchdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablewww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldoc.machbase.comdocs.marklogic.compouchdb.com/­guides
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerThomas MuellerMachbaseMarkLogic Corp.Apache Software Foundation
Initial release20052005201320012012
Current release2.3.1, March 20191.4.200, October 2019V4.09.0, 20177.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercial infofree test version availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaCC++JavaScript
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyesyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesSQL-like query languageyes infoSQL92no
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
HTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
JavaC
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP infovia ODBC
Python
R infovia ODBC
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsnoyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptView functions in JavaScript
Triggersyesyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0noneShardingShardingSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
With clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseselectable replication factoryesMaster-master replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Master-slave replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobsyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDnoACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesnoyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backend
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infovolatile and lookup tableyes, with Range Indexesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardsimple password-based access controlRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsno
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"H2Machbase infoFormer name was InfinifluxMarkLogicPouchDB
Specific characteristicsMachbase is an extremely fast time series database which processes large volumes...
» more
The MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
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Competitive advantagesFastest Database for IIoT, Independently verified, on Industry Standard Benchmarks....
» more
The main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
Typical application scenariosDistributed Query In Machbase Enterprise Edition, a broker node, which is responsible...
» more
MarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Key customersSamsung, POSCO, Hyundai heavy industries, SFA
» more
MarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Market metricsReal-time data processing Real-time index creation Optimized DBMS for processing...
» more
MarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMachbase provide several product editions, including: Intelligent Edge Device, Fog...
» more
MarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"H2Machbase infoFormer name was InfinifluxMarkLogicPouchDB
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